Vape pens may up desire to smoke

first_imgWatching someone use new generation e-cigarettes or vape pens may stimulate the urge to smoke in young adults, even in those who have never smoked before, a new study has found.Researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Centre in the US found that young adult smokers exposed to the use of traditional cigarettes, first-generation e-cigarettes or second generation vape pens experienced an immediate, significant and lasting increase in the desire to smoke. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThis extended even to subjects who had never used the newer devices.“The new e-cigarettes, known as vape pens, are now larger and more powerful devices,” said Andrea King, professor at the University of Chicago.“They have low resemblance to cigarettes, so some people were hoping they might not produce the same urge to smoke,” said King.“But we found that they do stimulate the urge. Vape pens look different but they share too many salient features to the act of smoking – including inhalation, exhalation and hand-to-mouth behaviours,” she said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive“This makes them a potent trigger, encouraging people to smoke. Their impact is roughly equal to watching someone light up a cigarette. They made the young adults in our study want to smoke,” she added.According to the survey, e-cigarette use is “strongly associated with the use of other tobacco products among youth and young adults, including combustible tobacco products.” Researchers designed an experiment to test the vape pen’s effects on the urge to smoke in young adults, men and women aged 18 to 35, a highly susceptible group. The 108 subjects of the study were ranged from very light to pack-a-day smokers. On average, they smoked 8.7 cigarettes a day on six to seven days each week. More than 80 per cent had used e-cigarettes and almost 30 per cent had used one in the past month.Over an hour-long session the volunteers conversed with a member of the research team who pretended to be a fellow volunteer “randomly assigned” to consume different products as study tasks.During these interactions, the pretending volunteer smoked either a combustible cigarette or a vape pen. Both cues increased desire among research subjects for a cigarette or an e-cigarette.The level and duration of desire to smoke among volunteers was the same whether they observed their “colleague” smoking a cigarette or using a vape pen.The study was published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research.last_img read more

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Latest eBay Products and Services

first_img 4 min read eBay is always looking for ways to make both buying and selling easier. Here’s a rundown of new tools and services.eBay Stores Markdown ManagereBay Stores Markdown Manager is a tool developed exclusively for Store owners to help boost sales. Sellers can use the Markdown Manager to temporarily slash the prices of their items and promote the savings to buyers. These sales events can be scheduled and automated for specific listings and categories or applied across all Store Inventory or Fixed-Priced listings.E-mail Marketing Improvements for eBay StoresE-mail Marketing is an effective way to keep in touch with buyers and build repeat business. eBay Stores has made improvements that will make creating professional, ongoing e-mail marketing campaigns a simple, three-step process. Turn your satisfied customers into loyal customers.New Promotion Boxes Feature for eBay StoresPromotion Boxes are a great way to encourage additional sales by highlighting featured items, encouraging buyers to sign up for e-mail newsletters and more. It’s now easier than ever to create powerful Store merchandising through new featured slide shows, item showcases and dynamic auction countdowns. Create Promotion Boxes and provide an alternative way for buyers to browse your Store.Free ShippingFree shipping is a great incentive for buyers to bid on an item. Buyers now have a “Free Shipping” filter when they search and browse results. Sellers can take advantage of this extra exposure by inserting “0” for their first flat-rate shipping costs when they post their listings, or by checking the “Free Shipping” box when listing through the “Sell Your Item” form. The filter does take into account the buyer’s location, so sellers can apply the option only to domestic shipments if they also sell internationally.eBay MapIteBay MapIt helps buyers and sellers leverage the power of local sales. Buyers can search by distance from their location, and MapIt generates a map showing where items are located. It’s a handy tool for sellers who want to sell large, bulky items without having to ship them. It can also have a positive effect for sellers who maintain a physical store or distribution location.My WorldWith eBay’s My World, members can now showcase their personality by setting up customizable profile pages. They can add a bio and profile image, discuss their interests, display their favorite searches, list their items for sale and even start a blog. Members can also change the layout and make their own reviews and guides. It’s a great way to get more involved in the eBay community.Learn to Use eBay Giving WorkseBay’s Education Specialist Program has added a new course that teaches experienced eBay sellers and nonprofits how to use eBay for fundraising or selling for a cause. Sellers will learn how to donate part or all of their sales to select charities, and nonprofits will learn how to leverage eBay to raise money for their organizations.Skype ButtonsSkype-using sellers can add a Skype voice or chat button to their listings to give customers a quick and easy way to contact them. Sellers can opt in during the “Sell Your Item” process. What’s new is that this option is being rolled out to even more categories after the initial test period proved to be a success. New categories range from Motorcycles to Travel to expanded areas of Collectibles.eBay PopWant to know what’s hot on eBay? eBay Pop uses a fun interface with colorful content that keeps track of items that are “Movers & Shakers” and how popular items are selling. Keep up on the latest hot items and headlines, cast your vote in the “Head to Head” section and play “How Much Is It Worth?” eBay Deal FinderHere’s a quick and easy way to find great deals on eBay. Type in your search words, and Deal Finder finds low-priced items that have no bids and whose listings are about to end! The results are displayed in a dynamic layout with countdown clocks. Listen Now Hear from business owners and CEOs who went through a crippling business problem and came out the other side bigger and stronger. Problem Solvers with Jason Feifer April 1, 2007 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img read more

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Prod a Product Into DoubleDuty Profit and Social Good With 3 Questions

first_img Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free Even those who never leave home without a tablet pick up a newspaper from time to time. When done reading, they toss the paper or perhaps even recycle it and never give it a second thought. Imagine, though, if that same paper had the ability to save a life — not by the information it provides but literally through the ink used to print the news.Mawbina, a Sri Lankan daily, in collaboration with advertising agency Leo Burnett Sri Lanka, did more than just imagine. Its public-education campaign to help prevent the spread of mosquito-borne dengue fever included printing the paper with special ink infused with citronella, a natural mosquito repellent. Readers at bus stops and outdoor cafes or sitting on park benches were protected from the bug’s potentially lethal bite, as shown on a Leo Burnett Asia’s YouTube video.Related: The 3 Surprising Ways to Weave Social Good Into a Startup’s DNAConsumers in the developed world who expect products to have intrinsic usefulness and quality are also increasingly demanding that they contribute to the betterment of those involved with or affected by their production. In a developing nation such as Sri Lanka, not all consumers may expect a business to be socially aware but honoring this principle provides entrepreneurs with an opportunity for business growth. Consider that Mawbina’s circulation jumped 300,000 and sales rose 30 percent the day the citronella-ink issue was printed, according to The Independent.Whether Mawbina will continue using the mosquito-repelling ink is uncertain. But it stands as a shining example of how out-of-the box thinking can result in a simple solution to a vexing social issue — something I advocated in my book Red Thread Thinking.  By thinking not just about consumption but also how goods and services can affect the quality of life now and in the future, business leaders can redefine a company’s relationship to consumers to include social and environmental responsibility. This reframing expands in number and kind the products and services created and has them do the double-duty of meeting consumers’ need and serving the common good.Here are three questions to ask that will help reveal if an idea, a service or a product can do double-duty by incorporating a social purpose (and perhaps even increase profits). Begin by thinking about possible conditions to improve and causes worthy of support. Then ask the following:Related: Honor Among Business Owners: These B Corps Are Building a New Code for Corporate America1. Can the product add to the well-being of untapped, underserved or marginal communities? Consider how the device could fulfill an unmet need or add value, as with the citronella newspaper ink.2. Can the item call attention to an issue associated with its production or use? Tom’s of Maine has long been a leader in responsible environmental stewardship, especially in the area of creating low-waste, recyclable packaging. The company consistently incorporates this message in its vision statement, website and products.This is a message that has resonated with buyers. Tom’s of Maine concluded after its recent consumer survey, “People are more inspired to try a product that does something good for themselves, their family and the planet (40%) than taking a recommendation from a trusted friend (24%) or a medical professional (12%).”Related: 4 Ways to Rewire the Corporate Brain to Compete in the 21st Century3. Can the supply chain or manufacturing process be made more resource renewable? Cork floors have surged in popularity over the last few years. They are natural, durable, renewable and — relative to hardwood — inexpensive. Plus cork-floor producer Nova Distinctive Floors has found a way to make its product more sustainable: The company uses all the manufacturing by-products as fuel.Entrepreneurs are uniquely positioned to take on the challenge of doing well to do good — and to reap the benefits. Related: How Purpose and Social Responsibility Can Set a Startup Apart 4 min read July 11, 2014last_img read more

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